The International Poetry Festival of Medellín is one of the largest and most prestigious poetry festivals in the world. It started in 1991, when Medellín was one of the most dangerous and violent cities in the world. Through poetry readings in the streets, people have reclaimed their city.
The Idea: Poetry Against Terror
The International Poetry Festival of Medellín started as a protest against the political violence and hatred prevailing in Colombia and especially in Medellín. In the early 1990s, Medellín was ruled by fear, political terror and fighting between criminal groups. Some 100 people could be murdered on a weekend. After 8 p.m., the city was usually dead due to a curfew imposed by the paramilitary, nowadays still active in the country. Initiator Fernando Rendón says: "It seems a difficult task to find flourishing and tranquil decades in our country in the last 150 years, but the decade of the nineties was particularly sombre and mournful. [...] The festival arose from a proposal to overthrow the wall of terror and fear imposed by the internal feuds of our country". It was an attempt "to create through poetry an atmosphere that without ignoring the spiral of death and the inertial strength of hate could put a little light in this sombre scene."
The idea was simple: By organising poetry readings in the streets, the Festival initiators helped people to re-establish a cultural life and reclaim their city. More and more listeners overcame their own fear and attended the poetry readings.
During the 10 days of the annual Festival in Medellín, there are public readings of poetry in the streets, in parks, residential areas, at the university and libraries, in theatres, cooperatives, schools and cultural centres, restaurants, malls, subway stations, factories, churches and even in prisons. Each year, some 70 poets from up to 55 countries participate actively in the festival. Up to 200,000 people come to listen to the 100 poetry readings.
The Festival has brought much positive international attention to Medellín, and it has invited many foreign poets: Until 2008, 843 poets from 143 countries have read their poems in more than 60 languages and dialects during 1106 public readings in 33 Colombian cities. In 2012, the numbers of poets who have read at the Festival had grown to 1200 from 160 countries.
History and Organisers
The International Poetry Festival of Medellín was organised for the first time in 1991 by thirteen people connected with the literature magazine Prometeo, which was founded in 1982 and has published 83 issues, 14 books of poetry and a CD ROM with poems and biographies of 216 poets from 113 countries. The main inspiration came from the editors of Prometeo, the poets Fernando Rendón and Angela Garcia.
Rendón was born in 1951 in Medellín. He worked as poet, editor and journalist and was the founder of Prometeo. The organisation responsible for both Prometeo and the Festival is the Corporation of Art and Poetry Prometeo.
Further Activities and Outreach Programmes
In addition to the Festival and magazine Prometeo, the Corporation of Art and Poetry Prometeo has projects which include a TV documentary series entitled Tiempo de Poesia, an International Poetry School and the Gulliver project, poetry workshops for children in the poor neighbourhoods of Medellín. From 2005-08, the Corporation of Art and Poetry Prometeo
Campaigning for Democracy
In 2003, the Festival brought together the first Global Conference on Poetry for Peace in Colombia, which passed a declaration about the political situation in Colombia.
The Corporation of Art and Poetry Prometeo has also campaigned for the democratisation of the country by disseminating a letter signed by 188 poets and writers, 282 artists and hundreds of other Colombian professionals, and 138 poets from 82 countries. In 2013, they helped develop a Global Campaign for Peace in Colombia, in cooperation with the World Poetry Movement which had been set up in Medellín, Colombia, in July 2011 and which includes the participation of nearly 230 organizations and 1240 poets from 134 nations from all continents.
The Poetry Festival has also participated in the Committee of National Meeting of Artists and Intellectuals "to promote a process of unity of action between Colombian poets, artists and intellectuals in the struggle for freedom of creation, expression and mobilisation, and for the full democratisation of our authoritarian and intolerant country."
The Poetry Festival has been facing death threats, attacks on its office and its homepage and has to deal with a reduction of the Colombian state's economical support, nevertheless it has managed to keep its activities ongoing, supported by different donors, for instance the culture secretary of the mayor's office of Medellín, Dutch Hivos and DOEN and the Governments of Switzerland and Germany. However, in 2013 the Festival reported also lower financial contributions from Europe.
It received the Comendador Order by the Congress of Colombia in 2008. In March 2009, after two years tiresome court case, the Constitutional Court of Colombia declared the International Poetry Festival of Medellín as cultural heritage of the nation.
Fernando Rendón: "The Festival has the conviction that culture must and has to play a fundamental role in any process of development. It has the certainty that arts and poetry will contribute decisively to the up-surging of a new humanity, a new human society."
"The International Poetry Festival of Medellín has maintained and will maintain its efforts, as a way of opposition to barbarism and of looking into alternative routes of democratic and peaceful resistance to the extreme violence that strikes our country, seeking the strengthening and defence of the fundamental rights of the Colombian people: the right to live, the right to have liberty of expression, the right of meeting and the right to create."
The motto of the Festival is "Por una paz más activa que todas las guerras." ... "For a peace which is more active than all wars."
(Last update: February 2013)
Festival Internacional de Poesía de Medellín
Carrera 50 A # 60-22
Barrio Prado Centro
Fax: +574 4128822